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    Historic Dialogue Initiated Between Somalia and Somaliland with Djibouti as Mediator

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    In an unprecedented move towards peace and mutual understanding, the Federal Government of Somalia and Somaliland have embarked on a dialogue process aimed at resolving long-standing issues between the two entities. Under the mediation of Djibouti’s President, Mr. Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, the dialogue conference took place on December 28th and 29th, 2023.

    High-level delegations, including Somalia’s President Dr. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, and head of Somaliland Mr. Muse Bihi Abdi, convened in Djibouti to lay the groundwork for a future of cooperation and mutual respect.

    Key points agreed upon during the conference include:

    1. Commencement of the Dialogue: Both parties have pledged to engage in a fair and impartial dialogue, ensuring that both sides’ concerns are acknowledged and addressed with the aim of reaching a consensus that is satisfactory to all.

    2. Roadmap Development: A 30-day period has been agreed upon to craft a detailed roadmap for the dialogue process. This roadmap is expected to serve as a guideline for future discussions and the resolution of issues.

    3. Upholding Previous Agreements: Commitments were reaffirmed to respect and uphold agreements reached during previous meetings held across various international cities from 2012 to 2020.

    4. Increased International Support: There is a call for international partners to step up assistance in capacity building and institutional development, especially for the regions of Sool, Sanaag, and Cayn in Somaliland.

    5. Security Challenges: Both governments have committed to address security issues both independently and jointly, with particular attention to combating terrorism and resolving any emerging disputes.

    6. Regional Peace Efforts: Cities and regions affected by historical conflicts are encouraged to pursue peace and stability, contributing to a favorable environment for the continuation of dialogue.

    7. Maintaining Dialogue Integrity: Actions that could potentially disrupt the dialogue atmosphere are to be avoided, with both parties agreeing to maintain the dignity of the process.

    8. Acknowledgement of Djibouti’s Role: The significant and balanced contribution of the Republic of Djibouti and President Guelleh in hosting and facilitating the dialogue has been recognized and commended by the leaders of Somalia and Somaliland.

    The Djibouti Conference marks a hopeful beginning for the two parties, with the international community watching closely as Somalia and Somaliland navigate their path towards a peaceful and cooperative future.

    The outcomes of this dialogue have the potential to reshape the geopolitical landscape of the Horn of Africa and set a precedent for conflict resolution in the region

    Source SONNA

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