On Wednesday, the foreign ministers of Turkey, Russia, Iran, and Syria met in Russia’s capital, Moscow.
Participants are expected to exchange perspectives on restoring relations between Turkey and Syria, as well as debate counter-terrorism, the political process, and humanitarian issues, such as the voluntary, safe, and dignified return of Syrians.
Defense ministers and intelligence chiefs from Turkey, Russia, and Syria met in Moscow last December and decided to continue tripartite discussions to ensure stability in Syria and the wider region.
Iran was also invited to participate in the negotiations, with Türkiye previously stating that Ankara would be “pleased if Iran is involved in this process.”
Syria has been embroiled in a brutal civil war since early 2011, when the Assad regime unleashed unprecedented repression on pro-democracy protests.